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The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia -- American Bare Knuckle Champion

Tom Allen

BORN   April 25 1839; Birmingham, England
DIED April 5 1903; St. Louis, Missouri (Some sources report 1904)
HEIGHT 5-9 1/2 (Some sources report 5-11)
WEIGHT 136-189 lbs

Allen was a fast, scientific fighter and a hard hitter; He possessed courage but was not durable

Tom began fighting in England and won a championship there; He came to America in 1867; He claimed the Heavyweight Championship of America in 1869

During his career, Allen defeated such men as Bill Davis, Charley Gallagher, Posh Price, Mike McCoole and Tomkin Gilbert

1861
Jun 10 Morris Connors            near Birmingham, Eng                 W 15
          -Earlier sources report "W 12" on 3/21/61
       Waggoner                  Birmingham, Eng                      L   
Nov 30 Jack Gould                Birmingham, Eng                      W 45
          -Earlier sources report "W 25" on 11/21/61

1862
Apr 20 Jem White                                                      W   
Jul 28 Posh Price                Sutton Coldfield, Eng                L 35

1864
Jan 28 Bingey Ross               Home Circuit, Eng                    W 10
Jun  2 Bob Smith                 Widbury Isle, Eng                    L 50
          -Welterweight Championship of England;
           Some sources report this fight was held in 
           the "Liverpool District"; Other sources report
           "Hilbury Island"; Some sources report "L 49"
           at "Wilbury Tole"

1861-1865
       Dan Crutchley                                                  W   
       Dan Crutchley                                                  D   

1865
Jun 13 Jack Parkinson            Four Ashes, Eng                      W 11
          -This fight was held near "Wolverhampton, Eng";
           Police intervened and stopped the fight
Nov 28 Posh Price                Holly Lane, Eng                      W 41
          -Middleweight Championship of Britain;
           This fight was held in "Staffordshire, Eng"

1866
Jun 13 George Iles               Kingswood Common, Eng                W 17
          -This fight was held near "Birmingham, Eng"

1867
Mar  5 Joe Goss                  Gloucestershire, Eng                 D 34
          -Middleweight Championship of England;
           This fight was fought in three rings at different times
           in "Gloucestershire" and "Marshfield" and near "St. Malins"; 
           Earlier sources report "D 31" 
       Bill Thorne                                                  SCH   
       Peter Millard                                                SCH    
       Mike Cockelin                                                SCH    
          -The previous 3 fights were scheduled but not held;
           The men did not show; Allen won forfeits
Jul 21 -Allen arrived in New York, NY with Joe Goss, Peter Morris,
           and Bill Ryall
Sep  7 Joe Goss                  Cincinnati, Oh                      LF  1

1869
Jan 12 Bill Davis                Madison County, Il                   W 43
          -Allen claimed the Heavyweight Championship of America;
           This fight was held at "Chouteau Island"
Feb 23 Charley Gallagher         near St. Louis, Mo                   L  2
          -Heavyweight Championship of America;
           This fight was held at "Carroll Island"
Jun 15 Mike McCoole              near St. Louis, Mo                  LF  9
          -Heavyweight Championship of America;
           This fight was held at "Foster's Island";
           Allen was better but was disqualified due 
           to an alleged foul
Aug 17 Charley Gallagher         near St. Louis, Mo                   D 11
          -Heavyweight Championship of America;
           This fight was held at "Foster's Island";
           Allen knocked Gallagher out but the referee
           called the contest a "draw"

1870
May 10 Jem Mace                  Kennerville, La                     L 10
          -Heavyweight Championship of England;
           Heavyweight Championship of America
Oct  8 Charley Gallagher         St. Louis, Mo                       W 16
Nov 10 Mike McCoole                                                SCH   
          -This fight was scheduled but cancelled

1873
Sep 23 Mike McCoole              Madison County, Il         (20:00)  W  7
          -Heavyweight Championship of America;
           This fight was held at "Chouteau Island"
Nov 18 Ben Hogan                 Pacific City, Ia                    D  3
          -Heavyweight Championship of America;
           Hogan claimed a foul but it was not allowed;
           A riot ensued; Earlier sources report "W 3";
           Earlier sources report "Council Bluffs"

1875
Jul  1 George Rooke              near Detroit, Mi                 SCH   
          -This bout was scheduled; The outcome is not known

1876
Sep  7 Joe Goss                  Kenton County, Ky                   D  7
Sep  7 Joe Goss                  Boone County, Ky                   LF 14
          -Heavyweight Championship of America;
           This fight was fought in two rings on the same date;
           Allen struck Goss while he was down and was disqualified

       Jem Mace                  Virginia City, Nv                   L   

          -Allen returned to England and challenged Jack Knifton
           to a fight for the Heavyweight Championship of Britain

1877
Sep    -Allen challenged Jack Knifton for the Heavyweight
           Championship of Britain; Knifton could not raise
           the money; Allen claimed the Heavyweight Championship
Oct 29 Tompkin Gilbert           London, Eng                        TK  7
          -Heavyweight Championship of Britain;
           Earlier sources report Heavyweight Championship of England;
           Queensberry rules and gloves were used;
           Earlier sources report "Sadlers Wells"

1878
Apr  4 Charley Davis             Cambridge Heath, Eng               WF  5
          -Heavyweight Championship of Britain;
           Earlier sources report Heavyweight Championship of England;
           Gloves were used

1879
Apr 22 Jem Stewart               London, Eng                         D 24
          -Heavyweight Championship of Britain;
           Earlier sources report Heavyweight Championship of England;
           Gloves were used

          -Allen relinquished the Heavyweight Championship of Britain

1881
       Tompkin Gilbert           Leicester, Eng                     EX   

1882
Nov 27 George Rooke              New York, NY                       EX  3

1884
Jan  7 Martin "Fiddler" Neary    New York, NY                       EX   

1886
       George Rooke              New York, NY                      SCH   
         -This bout was scheduled but not held;
          Allen appeared but no fight occurred


*** Much Data Was Provided By William Schutte ***
*** Much Data Was Provided By William Matthews (of Cornwall, England) *** 

Review courtesy of Tracy Callis, Historian, International Boxing Research Organization
 
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