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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Mar 2006
    In an undisclosed bunker deep in the weird, wild, woods of the Pacific Northwest



    by Mike Casey from Grandslampage.net

    THE CINCINNATI COBRA: Ezzard Charles is best remembered by most boxing fans for his accomplishments in the heavyweight division. But at his peak as a devastating light-heavyweight, the man they called the Cincinnati Cobra defeated the stellar likes of Archie Moore, Charley Burley, Jimmy Bivins, Joey Maxim, Lloyd Marshall and Elmer ‘Violent’ Ray.

    To all but true boxing fans and connoisseurs, he was the moderate heavyweight champion who beat a much adored legend and came heroically close to beating another.

    You have to wonder if Ezzard Mack Charles, the great Cincinnati Cobra, ever grew sick of people asking him about his fights with Joe Louis and Rocky Marciano. Tap Ezzard’s name into your search engine and the names of Louis and Marciano will invariably pop up just as often.

    Charles was a slick and skilful heavyweight when he beat the ageing Louis in 1950, and in the final stages of his dying greatness when he ran Rocky to the wire in the first meeting at Yankee Stadium in 1954.

    But the greatest Ezzard Charles, the lithe and dangerous fighting machine that could do it all, wasn’t even a heavyweight. Nothing ever seemed to fit as comfortably as it should have done with Ezzard, as bad luck and untimely circumstances combined to fashion a fractured and frequently misunderstood career. The young Cobra beat many an illustrious opponent with his precise and educated punching, yet Lady Luck seemed to bite him back just as often.

    The record book can be as cold and unfeeling as a computer in telling us the story of a man’s life, offering up the bare details and perhaps the occasional, explanatory asterisk. In the case of Charles, numerous asterisks and explanations are required. The standard bio of Ezzard continues to be a perfect example of a square peg being jammed into a round hole: his date of birth, his birthplace, a quick skip through his amateur career and then a straight jump into his reign as a low key heavyweight champion. You won’t find as much as a cursory nod to the greatest years Charles ever had as an exceptional middleweight who blossomed into one of the greatest light-heavyweights ever seen.

    For the real Ezzard Charles was the biggest nugget in a goldmine of outstanding talent in the early to late forties.


    Let us take a little time to ponder the tremendous depth in quality of the light-heavyweight and middleweight divisions when Ezzard was at his best.

    Swimming in the same dangerous ocean were the likes of Charley Burley, Lloyd Marshall, Joey Maxim, Elmer ‘Violent’ Ray, Holman Williams, Leonard Morrow, Nate Bolden, Oakland Billy Smith and Curtis ‘Hatchet Man’ Sheppard.

    It seems almost trite to talk about the sometimes thin divisions of class between such craftsmen of the highest level. Each was a master of his trade because he had to be. This was the era of eight official weight divisions, the era in which the now devalued title of ‘world champion’ was accorded to one man only.

    The fighters of Ezzard Charles’ time learned their business thoroughly because they had to fight often against consistently tough opposition, often engaging in series of fights against each other. Charley Burley, for example, clashed seven times with Holman Williams, fought a trilogy with the bruising Fritzie Zivic and also crossed swords with Jimmy Bivins, Lloyd Marshall and Bert Lytell.

    Holman Williams was a story all by himself, notching 147 wins in 189 fights against the cream of the crop. Clever, cunning and skilful, Holman was one of those forever kind of fighters who probably looked like a grizzled old veteran when he came out of the womb.

    Sprinkled on his long record are the names of Jake La Motta, Marcel Cerdan, Archie Moore, Bob Satterfield and Jack Chase.

    Perennial contenders like Williams scrapped and scrambled for years in their attempts to climb to the top of the pile. For those who made it, there was still no guarantee of ultimate glory, especially for black fighters. Williams never got a title shot. Nor did Lloyd Marshall or Elmer Ray. Charley Burley retired without ever getting the chance to prove himself on the biggest stage. Even the great Sugar Ray Robinson considered Burley to be too risky a proposition.

    Archie Moore finally bagged a world title, but only after piling up more than 160 fights and getting messed around for years by the powers that be.

    As a middleweight, Ezzard Charles couldn’t get a shot at champion Tony Zale, and was similarly frozen out by Gus Lesnevich in the light-heavyweight class.

    Consider what the Cincinnati Cobra achieved in the minefield of talent that we have examined. He scored three victories apiece over Archie Moore, Lloyd Marshall and Jimmy Bivins. He twice whipped the great and mystic Charley Burley in successive fights and also did the double over Joey Maxim and Oakland Billy Smith. To those names, you can add the stellar trio of Teddy Yarosz, Anton Christoforidis and the erratic but hugely dangerous Elmer ‘Violent’ Ray.

    This is not to decry the achievements of Ezzard Charles in the dreadnought division. He was actually a very good heavyweight and an underrated champion. But even as he was gaining universal recognition as the king of the hill by beating Louis, the Cobra had lost much of the speed, venom and killer instinct of his peak years.


    Everything seemed to be following a smooth and logical path when Ezzard started out. Born in Lawrenceville, Georgia, in 1921, he and his family moved to Cincinnati, where he would begin his boxing career at the age of fourteen.

    Charles was clearly a special talent even in those early days, quickly picking up the Diamond Belt and the Ohio AAU welterweight titles. Moving up to middleweight, he added the Golden Gloves and the National AAU title to his collection. He did all that in just 42 fights and nobody could beat him.

    His progress was similarly speedy when he turned pro, as he racked up twelve straight wins before dropping a decision to the skilful former middleweight champ, Ken Overlin. Ezzard drew with Overlin in a return, trounced Teddy Yarosz and registered his first big triumph with a third round stoppage of former NBA light-heavyweight champ, Anton Christoforidis.

    It was then that Charles had the first defining fights of his career, a couple of back-to-back duels with master mechanic, Charley Burley.

    During my early years as a boxing journalist, I had always wanted to know the exact nature of those two tantalising contests from 1942, because I certainly knew all about both men. My imagination would run riot as I pictured them locking horns in the prize-fighting equivalent of a long and engrossing chess match. For so long, those fights had been nothing more than simple results on each man’s record, with no hint of their shape or pattern.

    Imagine my surprise when I dug out the old newspaper reports and discovered that Charles had won both bouts handily, decking Burley with a classic counter punch in the final round of their first meeting at Forbes Field in Charley’s hometown of Pittsburgh. Few men dominated the masterful Burley in such a way during his 98-fight career. Charley was shut out for the first five rounds of that fight and hurt badly from a Charles attack in the seventh. It was a master class from Ezzard, sportingly acknowledged by way of an ovation from Burley’s fans.

    Charley had punched it out with Charles to little avail, but the adoption of a more cautious and scientific approach in the return match a month later at Hickey Park proved no more successful. Ezzard survived a few stormy moments to post another convincing decision.

    Charles was at the top of his game when he closed out the first phase of his professional career with a pair of unanimous decisions over the clever Joey Maxim. Then the Second World War interrupted his career as it did to so many other quality fighters who were in their prime. Army service meant that Ezzard could squeeze in only two fights over the next three years, and his lack of proper training cost him dearly. Both fights took place at the Cleveland Arena and Charles must have felt that his whole world had suddenly fallen in on him. He took seven counts against the cagey Jimmy Bivins in a unanimous points loss, but that was only the beginning of the nightmare. Next up was the ferocious Lloyd Marshall, who bounced Ezzard off the deck eight times before stopping him in the eighth round.

    But the Ezzard Charles armoury didn’t consist merely of skill, speed and punching power. He also had guts and determination in plentiful supply, and set about proving himself all over again after the war. And how! With his mind free once again to concentrate solely on his boxing, Ezzard seemed better than ever with a well trained and slightly heavier physique, which didn’t compromise his wonderful sense of timing.

    In July 1946, he avenged his loss to Marshall by surviving a first round knockdown to knock out Lloyd in the sixth at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Four months later, Charles got off the floor again to outpoint Bivins at Duquesne Gardens. For good measure, Ezzard knocked out Bivins in four rounds in 1947, and also revisited Mr Marshall by bombing him out in two. That same year, Charles gave away significant weight to lose a hotly disputed split decision to Elmer ‘Violent’ Ray at Madison Square Garden, but evened the score by knocking out Elmer in nine rounds a year later.

    The incredible Ray was one opponent the top guys were glad to get past, or better still, avoid. A savage puncher, Elmer started out in 1926 and scored 70 knockouts in a twenty-three year, 101-fight career.

    The Moore fights

    Archie Moore set high standards for himself and judged others by his own tough yardstick. It wasn’t Moore’s practice to hand out false compliments. In later life, he would turn down the chance to train a certain prospect with the curt explanation, “I can teach a man how to fight, but I can’t teach him how to think.”

    In Archie’s book, there were two men who could fight and think better than the rest. One was Charley Burley. The other was Ezzard Charles.

    Archie crossed swords just once with Burley and got a good old licking for his troubles. But his failure to unlock Charles was far more prolonged and frustrating.

    In their first meeting at Forbes Field in May, 1946, Charles demonstrated his great jab and all-round skills as he glided to a ten rounds decision. In the sixth round, he emphasised his superiority by winding Archie and flooring him with a terrific left uppercut to the stomach.

    A year rolled by before the return match at the Music Hall Sports Arena in Cincinnati, where Moore made it a much closer fight. He got a draw from one judge but still dropped a majority decision. Nevertheless, he must have felt confident about his chances against Ezzard when they hooked up for their third encounter at the Cleveland Arena in January 1948. Archie gave it everything, looking good in the early going as he launched an impressive assault.

    But Charles had a mighty bomb in his arsenal and he dropped it with chilling suddenness in the eighth round. Moore’s uncanny sixth sense seemed to warn him of the imminent explosion, but he didn’t have enough time to haul himself out of the quicksand into which he had stumbled.

    Pittsburgh sportswriter Harry Keck, sitting ringside that night, wrote: “Charles’ whole body seemed to coil like a huge snake about to strike. Moore was on the ropes, just above me, and his instinct told him he was in real danger. But before he could climb into a shell, Charles struck with a sweeping right that seemed to travel a complete circle before landing with a sickening thud on Archie’s jaw. I was sure that something broke either in Archie’s head or in Ezzard’s right hand, maybe in both places." **

    The Sam Baroudi effect

    It seemed that everything was finally right in Ezzard’s world after his memorable knockout of Moore, but fate was to wound him again. In his next match, Charles took on the twenty-one year old Sam Baroudi at the Chicago Stadium. and was given a stiff test for the first half of the fight. Baroudi was coming off a second round TKO of big-hitting Bob Satterfield and looked confident. But Charles was in a different class and thundered down the home stretch to unleash a big attack and knock out Baroudi in the tenth round. A famous photograph shows Ezzard snarling as Sam heads for the canvas.

    Baroudi never recovered from the onslaught, dying of a cerebral haemorrhage. The tragic incident had a profound effect on Charles’ life and his future attitude to boxing. He contemplated quitting the game, but Baroudi’s family urged him to continue his career.

    Thereafter, the vital bite was always missing from Ezzard’s work as his approach became more conservative and restrained. It was testament to his talent that he was still able to reach the top of the mountain without going flat out, but a new hesitance was there for all to see.

    Some years later, before his first fight with Marciano, one sportswriter wrote of the Cincinnati Cobra: “Charles’ weakness is that he has no natural ardour for fighting. In the case of a prize fighter, there must be an inner force which has an affinity with the primeval. Charles most certainly doesn’t. Fighting to him is a chore.” **

    That might well have been true of the heavyweight Ezzard Charles, although he showed this writer plenty of ardour and fighting heart in both Marciano fights. But it is certainly not a fair accusation to level at the young Charles, who didn’t squawk or quit or walk away from the game when Lloyd Marshall was giving him the battering of his life all those years before.

    Ezzard weighed 176lbs for the Sam Baroudi fight and would never compete at light-heavyweight again. The Cobra moved up to heavyweight to join the other big snakes as a lesser albeit still exceptional fighter.

    It was in the glamour division that he finally won his world championship and gained the worldwide recognition he deserved: after his true prime, after Sam Baroudi, after television had caught up with him and missed his greatest accomplishments.

    Most of the archive film of Ezzard shows him slipping over the hill and wasting away into the role of journeyman and trial horse.

    Isn’t life the damndest thing?

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2006
    In an undisclosed bunker deep in the weird, wild, woods of the Pacific Northwest



    Ezzard Charles
    The Cincinnati Flash

    Born: July 7, 1921 Lawrenceville, GA
    Died: May 27, 1975, Chicago, IL

    Managed by Bert Williams & Charles Dyer
    Amateur Record: 42-0
    Pro Record: 96-25-1 (58 kayos)

    Diamond Gloves Welterweight Champion

    Wins Diamond Gloves & Golden Gloves
    --- Dan Ely --- KO 2 (Am.)
    (Ely was Canadian National Champ)

    --- Bradley Lewis San Francisco W (Am.)
    --- Leroy Bolden San Francisco W (Am.)
    (Wins National AAU Middleweight Championship)

    Mar 15 Medley Johnson Middletown, PA KO 3
    Mar 20 Jimmy Brown Reading, PA KO 2
    Mar 27 John Reeves Cincinnati W 6
    Apr 2 Charley Banks Cincinnati W 6
    Apr 10 Kid Ash Portsmouth, OH KO 3
    Apr 16 Charley Banks Cincinnati KO 2
    Apr 24 Remo Fernandez Cincinnati KO 6
    May 10 Eddie Fowler Portsmouth, OH KO 3
    May 17 Pat Wright Middletown, PA KO 4
    Jun 5 Frankie Williams Cincinnati KO 7
    Jun 12 John Reeves Columbus, OH KO 4
    Jun 24 Bradley Lewis San Francisco KO 3
    Sep 23 Marty Simmons Cincinnati W 10
    Oct 3 Bill Hood Cincinnati KO 2
    Dec 2 Charley Jerome Cincinnati KO 2

    Feb 10 Billy Bengal Cincinnati W 10
    Feb 22 Slaka Cavrich Cincinnati KO 2
    Mar 10 Floyd Howard Cincinnati KO 7
    Mar 31 Joe Sutka Cincinnati W 10
    May 12 Rudy Kozole Cincinnati W 10
    Jun 9 Ken Overlin Cincinnati L 10
    Jul 21 Al Gilbert Cincinnati KO 6
    Oct 13 Pat Mangini Cincinnati KO 1
    Nov 17 Teddy Yarosz Cincinnati W 10

    Jan 13 Anton Christoforidis Cincinatti KO 3
    Mar 2 Ken Overlin Cincinnati D 10
    Apr 8 Billy Pryor Cincinnati W 10
    May 13 Evelio "Kid" Tunero Cincinnati L 10
    May 25 Charley Burley Pittsburgh W 10
    Jun 29 Charley Burley Pittsburgh W 10
    Jul 14 Steve Mamakos Cincinnati KO 1
    Jul 27 Booker Beckwith Pittsburgh KO 9
    Aug 17 Jose Basora Pittsburgh KO 5
    Sep 15 Mose Brown Pittsburgh KO 6
    Oct 27 Joey Maxim Pittsburgh W 10
    Dec 1 Joey Maxim Cleveland W 10

    Jan 7 Jimmy Bivins Cleveland L 10
    Mar 31 Lloyd Marshall Cleveland KO by 8

    Served in the US Army during World War II

    Feb 18 Al Sheridan Cincinnati KO 2
    Mar 25 Tee Hubert Cincinnati W 10
    Apr 1 Billy Duncan Pittsburgh KO 4
    Apr 15 George Parks Pittsburgh KO 6
    May 13 Tee Hubert Cincinnati KO 4
    May 20 Archie Moore Pittsburgh W 10
    Jun 13 Shelton Bell Youngstown, OH KO 5
    Jul 29 Lloyd Marshall Cincinnati KO 6
    Sep 23 Billy Smith Cincinnati W 10
    Nov 12 Jimmy Bivins Pittsburgh W 10

    Feb 17 Billy Smith Cincinnati KO 5
    Mar 10 Jimmy Bivins Cleveland KO 4
    Apr 14 Erv Sarlin Pittsburgh W 10
    May 5 Archie Moore Cincinnati W 10
    Jul 14 Fitzie Fitzpatrick Cincinnati KO 5
    Jul 25 Elmer Ray New York L 10
    Sep 16 Joe Matisi Buffalo W 10
    Sep 29 Lloyd Marshall Cincinnati KO 2
    Oct 16 Al Smith Akron, OH KO 4
    Oct 27 Clarence Jones Huntington, WV KO 1
    Nov 3 Teddy Randolph Buffalo W 10
    Dec 2 Fitzie Fitzpatrick Cleveland KO 4

    Jan 13 Archie Moore Cleveland KO 8
    Feb 20 Sam Baroudi Chicago KO 10
    (Baroudi died from injuries sustained in the fight.)
    May 7 Elmer Ray Chicago KO 9
    May 20 Erv Sarlin Buffalo W 10
    Sep 13 Jimmy Bivins Washington DC W 10
    Nov 14 Walter Hafer Cincinnati KO 7
    Dec 10 Joe Baksi New York KO 11

    Feb 7 Johnny Haynes Philadelphia KO 8
    Feb 28 Joey Maxim Cincinnati W 15
    Apr 18 Charley Banks Detroit Exh 4
    Apr 22 Willard Reed Indianapolis Exh 4
    Apr 29 Hubert Hood Omaha, NE Exh 4
    May 10 Charlie Banks South Bend, IN Exh 4
    May 11 Jackie Lyons Gary, IN Exh 4
    Jun 22 Jersey Joe Walcott Chicago W 15
    (Wins Vacant NBA Heavyweight Title)
    Aug 10 Gus Lesnevich New York KO 7
    (Retains NBA Heavyweight Title)
    Sep 2 Joe Modzele Chicago Exh 4
    Sep 19 Alabama Kid Columbus, OH Exh 4
    Oct 14 Pat Valentino San Francisco KO 8
    (Retains NBA Heavyweight Title)
    Oct 17 Rex Layne Salt Lake City Exh 4
    Oct 18 Sammy Andrews Los Angeles Exh 4
    Oct 26 Billy Smith Oakland Exh 4
    Oct 28 Al Smith San Diego Exh 2
    Oct 28 Lloyd Gibson San Diego Exh 2

    Aug 3 Joe Modzele Pittsburgh Exh 4
    Aug 15 Freddie Beshore Buffalo KO 14
    (Retains NBA Heavyweight Title)
    Sep 27 Joe Louis New York W 15
    (Wins World Heavyweight Title)
    Dec 5 Nick Barone Cincinnati KO 11
    (Retains World Heavyweight Title)

    Jan 12 Lee Oma New York KO 10
    (Retains World Heavyweight Title)
    Feb 4 Henry Hall New Orleans Exh 6
    Feb 6 Jimmy Brown Camp Folk, LA Exh KO 2
    Mar 7 Jersey Joe Walcott Detroit W 15
    (Retains World Heavyweight Title)
    May 30 Joey Maxim Chicago W 15
    (Retains World Heavyweight Title)
    Jul 18 Jersey Joe Walcott Pittsburgh KO by 7
    (Loses World Heavyweight Title)
    Oct 10 Rex Layne Pittsburgh KO 11
    Dec 12 Joey Maxim San Francisco W 12
    Dec 21 Joe Kahut Portland, OR KO 8

    Jun 5 Jersey Joe Walcott Philadelphia L 15
    (For World Heavyweight Title)
    Aug 8 Rex Layne Ogden, UT L 10
    Oct 8 Bernie Reynolds Cincinnati KO 2
    Oct 24 Cesar Brion New York W 10
    Nov 26 Jimmy Bivins Chicago W 10
    Dec 15 Frank Buford Boston KO 7

    Jan 14 Wesbury Bascom St. Louis KO 9
    Feb 4 Tommy Harrison Detroit KO 9
    Apr 1 Rex Layne San Francisco W 10
    May 12 Bill Gilliam Toledo, OH W 10
    May 26 Larry Watson Milwaukee KO 5
    Aug 11 Nino Valdes Miami Beach L 10
    Sep 8 Harold Johnson Philadelphia L 10
    Dec 16 Coley Wallace San Francisco KO 10

    Jan 13 Bob Satterfield Chicago KO 2
    Apr 29 Max Chris Denver Exh 3
    Apr 29 Chuck Woodworth Denver Exh 3
    Jun 17 Rocky Marciano New York L 15
    (For World Heavyweight Title)
    Sep 17 Rocky Marciano New York KO by 8
    (For World Heavyweight Title)

    Feb 18 Charley Norkus New York W 10
    Apr 11 Vern Escoe Edmonton, Alberta KO 3
    Apr 27 Johnny Holman Miami Beach KO by 9
    Jun 8 Johnny Holman Cincinnati W 10
    Jul 13 Paul Andrews Chicago W 10
    Aug 3 Tommy Jackson Syracuse, NY L 10
    Aug 31 Tommy Jackson Cleveland L 10
    Nov 14 Toxie Hall Providence L 10
    Dec 6 Toxie Hall Rochester, NY W 10
    Dec 22 Bob Albright San Francisco W 10
    Dec 29 Young Jack Johnson Los Angeles KO by 6

    Apr 21 Don Jasper Windsor, Ont. KO 9
    May 21 Wayne Bethea New York L 10
    Jun 19 Bob Albright Phoenix KO 7
    Jul 13 Pat McMurty Tacoma, WA L 10
    Aug 13 Harry "Kid" Matthews Seattle L 10
    Oct 2 Dick Richardson London LDQ 2
    Dec 1 Announces Retirement


    Aug 28 Johnny Harper Fairmont, WV W 10
    Sep 30 Alfredo Zuany Juarez, Mexico L 10
    Oct 27 Donnie Fleeman Dallas KO by 6

    Jul 3 Dave Ashley Cincinnati KO 7
    Jul 30 George Logan Boise, ID KO by 8
    Sep 1 Alvin Green Oklahoma City L 10

  3. #3
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2006


    It's mightily impressive how well Ezzard was able to do after a war and a death -- the last has completely destroyed fighters before.

    His reign as Heavyweight champion was one of the most undistinguished ever, yet it was not half bad.

  4. #4


    it was damn good- charles to me bst ever lightheavy- iexpect tunney- keep the great stuff comung mike- when you can!

  5. #5
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2006


    charles # 1 t light-H of all time, charles is defintley better than tunney IMO. he accomplished more than tunney at 175lb and i think he beats gene head to head.

    charles had perhaps the best 1-2 combo left right i have ever seen. watch pat valentino fight for best results
    Last edited by Elmer Ray; 04-09-2006 at 09:08 PM.

  6. #6
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2006


    Tremendous article. Thank you.

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